Chapter1 Introduction

Chapter1 Introduction

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

Chapter 1 Introduction

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.1 Launching AutoCAD

1. Choose Start from the Windows program manager. 2. Choose Programs, Autodesk ,AutoCAD 2004.

3. Click the AutoCAD 2004 for Windows icon.

or 4. Choose the AutoCAD 2004 icon from the desktop.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.2 Text and Graphics Screens

The graphics screen and the text screen are two different screens available in the drawing editor.

1. Press Function key F2 on the keyboard.

Be sure the Model Tab is highlighted at the bottom of the drawing window. “Layouts” will be covered in a later session.

The Cursor must be in the drawing window in order to select objects.

Maximize the AutoCAD windows to be full screen. This will make the drawings bigger and easier to read.

Use ALT + TAB to move between Windows applications.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.3 Cursor

Controls the size of the crosshair. The allowable range is from 1 to 100 percent of the total screen. At 100% the ends of the crosshair are never visible. When the size is decreased to 9% or below, the crosshairs have a finite size, and the crosshairs’ ends are visible when moved to the edge of the graphics area. The default size is 5%.

1. Choose Tools, Options… 2. Click the Display TAB.

3. Drag the slider bar in the lower left corner of the dialog to set the cursor size.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.4 Canceling a Command 1. Press the ESCAPE (ESC) key on the keyboard.

TIP: Pressing ESC twice clears nested commands.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.5 Menus and Colors

Pulldown Menus

1. Click On the desired Pulldown menu. 2. Click On the command to be executed from the pulldown.

Cascading Pulldown Menus

1. Click On a command that has a cascading menu (menus with an arrow to the right of the menu)

2. Click On the command to be executed.

Cascading Pulldown

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.6 Toolbars Toolbars can be docked on the screen or they can float about the screen.

To Float a Toolbar:

1. Choose the gray border surrounding each tool. 2. Drag the toolbar to any area on the screen.

To Dock a Toolbar:

1. Choose the title or gray border of the toolbar.

2. Drag the toolbar to the top, bottom, left, or right area of the graphics display.

TIPS: -Holding the CTRL key while dragging will prevent docking.

-Clicking on an icon with the right mouse button will show a list of all available toolbars.

Docked Toolbars

Floating Toolbars

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

Help Tooltips 1. Move The mouse to the toolbar but do not pick the button.

1. Choose View, Toolbar

Loading Toolbars or

2. Type TOOLBAR at the command prompt

Command: TOOLBAR 3. Choose the desired toolbar to load.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

The Status Bar is the area below the command line that shows messages as well as coordinates, modes, and the current time.

To activate SNAP, GRID, ORTHO, OSNAP, MSPACE, PSPACE, and TILE, you must double-click on the mode to change.

TIP: • Right click on the status bar to see the options.

Status Bar

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.8 Typings Command - Aliases Typing a Command

All AutoCAD commands can be typed in at the command line. Many commands also have one or two letter aliases that can also be typed as shortcuts to the commands.

1. Type the desired command at the command

prompt.

Command : LINE or

2. Type the command’s alias. Command: L

3. Press ENTER. 4. Type an option at the command prompt.

Many AutoCAD commands require you to press ENTER to complete the command. You know you are no longer in an AutoCAD command when you see a blank command line.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

Tip : Reissuing the Last Command

The last used AutoCAD command can be re-entered by one of the following three methods of ENTER. The ENTER key on the keyboard will always act as ENTER, the SPACEBAR and RIGHT MOUSE will act as enter most of the time (exceptions include placing TEXT).

1. Press the ENTER key on the keyboard or

2. Press the Space bar on the keyboard. or

3. Click the right mouse button.

Command Prompt

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.9 Pointing Device (Mouse)

AutoCAD uses either a mouse or digitizing tablet to select objects in a drawing.

Left Mouse Button

Used to pick or select objects

1. Click the left mouse button to select an object area in the drawing.

2. Press ESC twice to deselect an object (or to cancel a command).

Right Mouse Button

Used to enter a command, repeat last command, or access shortcut menus.

1. Click the right mouse button.

• SHIFT + the right mouse button brings up the object snap menus. • Various screen locations for the mouse brings up different menus.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1.10 Undo and Redo Reverses the last action. 1. Choose Edit, Undo.

or 2. Click the Undo icon.

or 3. Press CTRL + Z.

4. Type U at the command prompt to undo the

last command.

Command: U

Redo

Reverses the effects of a single UNDO or U command. 1. Choose Edit, Redo.

or 2. Click the Redo icon.

or

3. Type REDO at the command prompt to redo the last undo command.

Command: REDO

-UNDO has no effect on some commands and system variables, including those that open, close, or save a window or a drawing, display information, change the graphics display, regenerate the drawing, or export the drawing in a different format.

-REDO must immediately follow the U or UNDO command.

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

F1 Online Help F2 Flipscreen

F4Tablet On/Off
F5Isoplane Toggle

F3 Osnap ON/OFF F6 Coords On/Off

F7 Grid On/Off F8 Ortho On/Off F9 Snap On/Off

F10 Polar On/Off F11 Object Snap Tracking ON/OFF

Press CTRL + A to turn GROUPS on/off. Press CTRL + B to turn SNAP on/off. Press CTRL + C to COPYCLIP

Press CTRL + D to turn COORDS on/off. Press CTRL +E to Toggle Isoplane settings.

Press CTRL +F to turn Osnaps ON/OFF Press CTRL + G to turn GRID on/off. Press CRTL + K for Hyperlinks

Press CTRL + L to turn ORTHO ON/OFF Press CTRL + N to create a NEW drawing.*

Press CTRL + O to OPEN an existing drawing.* Press CTRL + P to PLOT a drawing.* Press CTRL + S to qsave a drawing.*

Press CTRL + T to turn the digitizing tablet on/off. Press CTRL + X to cut to Clipboard.*

Press CTRL + Z to UNDO

AutoCAD 2D Tutorial

1. Choose Help, AutoCAD Help. or 2. Click the Help icon.

or 3. Type HELP at the command prompt

Command: HELP or 4. Press Function Key F1

Comentários