(Parte 1 de 2)

© 2006 Manufactured exclusively for Horizon Hobby, Inc. 877-504-0233 w.horizonhobby.com 9155

NT/NX Evolution®

Engines USER GUIDE

9155_EVO(NTAirManualUpdate).indd12-1 12-16/2/06 3:41:01 PM

Mounting the Engine

Most model airplanes include an engine mount. It is extremely important that the engine mount be securely mounted to the airplane’s firewall and that the engine is securely mounted to the engine mount. Follow the instructions included with the airplane for mounting the engine.

Important: Before each flying session, check that all engine mounting screws are securely tightened.

Installing the Muffler

Using the included muffler mounting screws and lock washers, attach the muffler with the included hex wrench. Be sure the lock washers are placed over the screws and that one gasket is placed between the muffler and the engine. A second gasket is included as a spare. Securely tighten both screws with moderate torque.

Important: After five runs, retighten the muffler mounting screws. Heat and vibration from these first few runs can cause the gasket to compress. Once the muffler screws are re-tightened, they will remain tight and leakfree until the muffler is removed.

Throttle Linkage

A clevis is recommended for attaching the throttle linkage to the throttle. Attach the throttle linkage to the hole in the throttle arm (see photo above). Turn on the radio. With the throttle stick at 1/2 throttle, install the arm on the servo so that the arm is 90° to the throttle pushrod.

Securely tighten all engine mounting screws and re-check tightness before each flying session.

Attach the linkage to the throttle arm.

The muffler mounting accessory package includes mounting screws (2), lock washers (2), muffler gaskets (2) and an L- wrench.

Introduction

Congratulations on your purchase of the newest and one of the most technically advanced 2-stroke model airplane engines in the world. Whether you are new to the sport of model aviation or an experienced flyer, you will enjoy the features of the new Evolution® Engines NT/NX Engine.

The Evolution NT/NX Engine is designed to be the most powerful in its class, extremely easy to start and operate, and provide years of enjoyable service. It incorporates many unique design features, such as our Set Right™ needle valve assemblies. Every feature is designed to ensure success with your new engine.

This user’s guide is intended to provide the basic information to operate and maintain your Evolution NT/NX Engine.

Every Evolution Engine has been test run and adjusted at the factory and is ready to fly with no adjustments or break-in required.

Important: While the Evolution Engine is extremely easy to operate, if this is your first experience flying a model airplane, it is highly recommended that you have the help of an experienced modeler during the first few flights. Your local hobby shop or flying club can put you in touch with an experienced pilot in your area.

Low-Speed Needle High-Speed Needle

Muffler

Muffler Glow Plug

Glow Plug

Throttle Arm

Muffler Nipple Fuel Nipple

2 9155_EVO(NTAirManualUpdate).indd2-3 2-36/2/06 3:41:05 PM

Attaching the Propeller and Spinner

Remove the prop nut and prop washer from the engine. Install the spinner back plate. Install the propeller, the prop washer and then the prop nut in that order (see photo). Securely tighten the prop nut using an adjustable wrench. Install the spinner cone.

Starting the Evolution Engine

Fuel The Evolution Engine comes pre-run and adjusted from the factory. We recommend using high quality Cool Power Omega, Hangar 9® AeroBlend™ or Power Master fuels containing 10 to 15% Nitro. The Evolution Engine has been test run using these fuels. If another brand of fuel is used, it may be necessary to slightly adjust the needle valves to compensate for the differences in fuel.

Glow Plug The Evolution Engine comes with a specially designed “Super Plug” that prevents idle and transition flameouts. The plug’s unique shape directs incoming fuel/air mixture away from the plug element. When replacing the plug, be sure to replace it with another Hangar 9 Super Plug

Starting the Engine Step 1. Fill the tank with the above-mentioned 10 or 15% fuel.

Step 2. Reattach the fuel lines, making sure the vent and clunk line are attached to the fuel nipple and the muffler pressure nipple.

Caution: Do not attach the glow driver yet.

Step . With the throttle fully open, place your thumb over the carburetor and rotate the prop clockwise through 6 complete revolutions, thus priming the engine.

Step 4. Close the throttle to the idle position and have a helper hold your airplane.

Select a servo arm that has a hole located 1m or 7/16" out from center and attach the other end of the throttle linkage. (see photos below)

With low throttle and mid-trim (idle position), the throttle barrel should be open 1mm, giving a low rpm idle (see photo above). Adjust the length of the pushrod until the throttle barrel is exactly 1mm open. Check to be sure the servo is moving in the correct direction. Full throttle should open the throttle barrel fully, while low throttle, low-trim should completely close the throttle barrel. Reverse the servo throw if necessary.

Note: It may be necessary to slightly adjust the length of the throttle pushrod to achieve the correct mid-trim, low-stick idle position.

Attaching the Fuel Lines

Using medium silicon fuel tubing, attach the fuel tank’s clunk line to the fuel nipple. This line will supply fuel to the engine. Attach the vent line to the muffler pressure nipple. This line pressurizes the fuel tank with the muffler pressure, creating consistent fuel flow, regardless of the airplane’s altitude.

Vent Line

The Hangar 9 START KIT (HANSTART) includes everything needed, except fuel and starter, to get the Evolution Engine running.

At low throttle, mid-trim, the throttle barrel should be 1 m open. 1 m

1/2 throttle

Linkage 1m out

Fuel Line

Fuel Line Vent Line

Securely tighten the prop nut using an adjustable wrench.

9155_EVO(NTAirManualUpdate).indd4-5 4-56/2/06 3:41:10 PM

Step 2. Low-Speed Needle Adjustment, cont.

4. The fuel mixture may be too lean if the engine stops at the lowest idle position or it stops when the throttle is rapidly opened from the idle position. Correct this by rotating the SetRight™ adjustment bar counterclockwise in small increments until the engine transitions smoothly without hesitation upon opening the throttle rapidly from idle.

SetRight Needle Valves

The design of the SetRight needle valve system is such that, during normal operating conditions, the typical user will find that the range of adjustment allowed by the system is more than adequate for most situations. As a matter of fact, we intended this to be used as a tool to identify operating problems. If you find that the range of adjustment allowed by the SetRight needle is inadequate after your initial period of running, then a problem in your engine system has occurred. This might be a bad glow plug, dirty or old fuel, an air leak in the fuel system somewhere or any number of other reasons. Do not make any permanent adjustment range changes to the SetRight needle system if it was once working correctly for you and now does not. Investigate other problems first.

However, occasionally due to atmospheric, altitude or fuel conditions, you may find that the range of adjustment built into the SetRight needle valve system is inadequate for your needs. These conditions are rare and easy to fix.

High-Speed SetRight Needle Valve Correction

Should the high-speed SetRight needle valve need to be adjusted outside of the factory- established parameters, simply pull out the detent spring on the high-speed needle assembly and move the needle valve in the desired direction so the SetRight pin passes the spring detent. You now have re-established a new range for your purposes.

Low-Speed SetRight Needle Valve Correction

Should the low-speed SetRight needle valve need to be adjusted outside the factory- established parameters, follow these steps:

A. Loosen the setscrew found on the ring of the SetRight assembly to which the adjustment bar is attached.

Low-Speed SetRight Needle Valve Correction, cont.

B. Rotate the needle valve itself (small slot-headed screw inside the blue ring of the SetRight assembly) clockwise to lean the mixture or counterclockwise to richen the mixture as desired.

C. Retighten the setscrew on the ring of the SetRight assembly and you have re-established a new range of motion.

Why would fuel go “bad”?

The largest portion of the fuel is methanol (alcohol). Methanol is hygroscopic; it attracts moisture. This can cause your fuel to be contaminated with water, which will cause poor engine performance. Additionally, the UV rays in sunlight will eventually break down the nitromethane if the fuel jug is stored in sunlight for long periods of time.

How can you tell when your fuel has gone “bad”? The first indications will generally be the inability to start the engines at previously run needle-valve settings. Another clue might be that the engine has very poor idle, runs but bogs down tremendously during run up and/or will not attain the same rpms that you are used to. -How do I keep my fuel fresh? If you have the opportunity, look for someone at a flying field on a sunny day who has a jug of fuel that is only 1/4 full. What you may notice is that there are droplets attached to the top and sides of the container. This is the moisture in the air that is condensing inside the jug because of the greenhouse effect of the semi-translucent plastic jug. The only way to overcome the greenhouse effect is to store your fuel in a metal can. -You can also combat the effects of the moisture in the air by squeezing all the extra air from your fuel container at the end of the day or transferring your fuel into smaller containers as the level of the fuel is reduced in your gallon jug. Many pilots will invest in 1/2 gallon or quartsize containers and only bring that amount of fuel to the field on any given day. This allows their main supply of fuel to stay at home in a controlled storage environment, virtually insuring problem-free fuel.

Step . Attach the glow driver. Step . Turn the engine over using an electric starter.

The engine should fire within seconds of applying the starter.

Step . Allow the engine to idle for 30 seconds. Adjust the throttle trim if necessary to achieve a constant slow idle.

Step 8. With the glow driver still attached and a helper securely holding the airplane, advance the throttle smoothly to full throttle. The engine will transition to full rpm.

Step 9. Reduce the throttle to idle and remove the glow driver.

Needle Limiters

In some conditions: Due to high altitudes, extreme temperatures, etc., it may be necessary to slightly adjust the idle and high-speed needle valves. The high- and low-speed needles have limiters that prevent over adjustment.

If your engine starts from the above procedure, but won’t reliably continue to run with the glow driver removed, follow the steps above right.

Step 1. High-Speed Needle Adjustment

With the engine running, advance the throttle to full throttle while a helper securely holds your airplane. Carefully pinch and release the fuel line to temporarily restrict the fuel flow.

Caution: Do not reach over the propeller while the engine is running.

Correct: If the high-speed needle adjustment is correct, the engine will increase rpm slightly (about 300 rpm) and then die.

Too Rich: If the engine increases a lot (1,0 rpm or greater), the high-speed needle is too rich and must be leaned or turned clockwise.

Too Lean: If the engine doesn’t increase rpm and simply dies, the high-speed needle is lean and must be richened or turned counterclockwise.

Step 2. Low-Speed Needle Adjustment

The low-speed or idle needle valve, included with the SetRight™ assembly, is preadjusted at the factory for best performance. It may be necessary to fine-tune the low-speed adjustment using the following procedure:

1. Start the engine and let it warm up, prior to attempting any adjustments. Make sure that the high-speed adjustment process is complete before attempting to adjust the low-speed needle valve.

2. Close the throttle slowly. You will adjust the low-speed needle setting by rotating the SetRight adjustment bar clockwise to lean the engine and counterclockwise to richen the engine.

Caution: Do not attempt to adjust the low-speed needle valve while the engine is running.

. The fuel mixture should be adjusted as follows: The fuel mixture is too rich if, when opening the throttle rapidly, the engine emits smoke and "stutters" or "stumbles." Correct this by rotating the SetRight adjustment bar clockwise in small increments. Continue this process until the engine transitions smoothly from low rpm idle to high rpm without hesitation upon opening the throttle rapidly.

The needle valves come preset from the factory. Extreme conditions may require some minor adjustments. Note that the needle adjustment range is limited, preventing adjust- ment beyond the practical range.

Low-Speed Needle AdjustmentHigh-Speed Needle Adjustment

9155_EVO(NTAirManualUpdate).indd6-7 6-76/2/06 3:41:18 PM

How to tell if your glow plug is bad

The glow plugs on the market today are designed to provide good service to the user and may last a long time or a short time, all dependent upon the way you choose to operate your engine.

Physical indications that you might need to change the glow plug are: 1. Twisted or mangled glow plug element (usually caused by too high a compression ratio). 2. Small “bumps” are attached to the glow plug element. This will generally be most noticeable during the break-in process. These are actually tiny pieces of aluminum that have attached to the element and these will severely hinder the operation of the glow plug. 3. The glow plug element is no longer shiny but is dull, almost a white powder color. (This just comes with age and is a by-product of the catalytic reaction.

The shinier the wire, the better the catalytic reaction can be).

Operating indications that you need to change your glow plug are:

1. The glow element will not light with a charged glow igniter. This indicates that there is a physical short or breakage in the element wire itself. 2. Glow plug lights but the engine will not continue running once the battery is disconnected. (This is usually an indication of the microscopic particles we discussed earlier). 3. Glow plug lights, engine runs but there is a perceptible loss of rpm at full throttle when the battery is disconnected. This is a typical indication that the white powder residue is building to the point that the catalytic reaction of the glow plug is no longer anywhere close to being optimum.

Troubleshooting Guide

Engine Won’t Fire

• Glow starter not charged - Charge glow starter • Glow plug burnt out - Replace glow plug • No fuel is getting to the carburetor - Check tank, fuel lines reversed • The starter is reversed - Reverse the polarity on the starter cables

Engine Quits Repeatedly

• Needles need adjusting - See adjustment procedure • Bad or old fuel - Replace with fresh fuel • Worn out glow plug - Replace with new HAN3006 super plug

(Parte 1 de 2)

Comentários